As per Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 under Section 19 provides for norms and standards for a school, construction of toilets has become mandatory.
All States and UTs have been advised to comply with the provision of the RTE Act, 2009 which inter states that every school building should have separate toilets for boys and girls
Ministry of Human Resource Development annually approves Work Plan & Budget of the States and UTs for various activities including drinking water and toilet facilities under SSA and RMSA schemes based on the gap determined by Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) database and proposals received from States/UTs.
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• Under SSA initiative, from 2001 to 2017, around10.54 lakh toilets have been sanctioned in elementary schools, out of which States/UTs have reported the construction of 9.95 lakh toilets.
• Under RMSA scheme from 2009 to 2018, 70,244 toilets in secondary schools have been sanctioned, out of which States/UTs have reported the construction of 49,636 toilets.
(Rs. in crore)
Upendra Kushwaha, Minister of State for HRD gave details of approved estimation under SSA and RMSA for toilets in government elementary and secondary schools respectively across the country during the three years are as under.